Iran Marble Travertine Onyx Limestone:
Marble is formed from limestone by heat and pressure in the earth's crust. These forces cause the limestone to change in texture and makeup. This process is called re crystallization. Fossilized materials in the limestone, along with its original carbonate minerals, recrystallise and form large, coarse grains of calcite. Impurities present in the limestone during re crystallization affect the mineral composition of the marble that forms. The minerals that result from impurities give marble wide variety of colours. The purest calcite marble is white.
Iran marble containing hematite has a reddish colour. Marble that has limonite is yellow, and marble with serpentine is green.
Travertine stone is soft and delicate to look at. It breathes spaciousness. It's relaxed and soothing. The feeling is peaceful, tranquil, serene.
Iran onyx stone Quarries and resources are rarely found all around the world but high quality and commercially acceptable Iran onyx is exclusive for our country Iran. travertine best quality, beige travertine, travertine tile, travertine slab.
I. Sedimentary stone came from organic elements such as glaciers, rivers, wind, oceans, and plants. Tiny sedimentary pieces broke off from these elements and accumulated to form rock beds. They were bonded through millions of years of heat and pressure.
» Limestone: Mainly consists of calcite. It does not show much graining or crystalline structure. It has a smooth granular surface. Varies in hardness. Some dense limestone's can be polished. Common colors are black, gray, white, yellow or brown. It is more likely to stain than marble. Limestone is known to contain lime from sea water.
Persian Marble company has the following product in Limestone group: 1st Choice Limestone, Beige Limestone 2nd, Gohara 2nd Choice Limestone, Gohara 1st Extra Limestone.
» Sandstone: Is a very durable formation of quartz grains (sand). Usually formed in light brown or red colors. Categorized by the most popular sandstone bonding agents such as silica, calcium, clay, and iron oxide.
» Soapstone: A very soft stone made of a variety of talc. It is a dense mineral that wears well and is often resistant to stains.
» Fossilstone: Considered a limestone that contains natural fossils such as sea shells and plants.
» Travertine: Usually a cream or reddish color. It is formed through the accumulation of calcite from hot springs. It contains lots of holes that were formed from water flowing through the stone. These holes are often filled with synthetic resins or cements. Requires lots of maintenance if the holes are not filled. Classified as a limestone and a marble.
Persian Marble company has the following product in Travertine group: Brushed Antique Yellow Travertine 1st, Brushed Antique Yellow Travertine 2nd, Brushed Antique Yellow Travertine 3rd, Brushed Beige Travertine, Brushed Classic Yellow Travertine 1st, Brushed Classic Yellow Travertine 2nd, Brushed Classic Yellow Travertine 3rd, Brushed Classic Yellow Travertine 4th, Brushed Light Beige Travertine, Brushed Noce Travertine, Brushed Rattle Skin Travertine 1st, Brushed Rattle Skin Travertine 2nd, Brushed Rattle Skin Travertine 3rd, Brushed Red Soraya Travertine 1st, Brushed Red Soraya Travertine 2nd, Brushed Red Soraya Travertine 3rd, Brushed Rosso Travertine, Brushed Soltan Red Travertine 1st, Brushed Soltan Red Travertine 2nd, Brushed Walnut CrossCut Travertine, Brushed Walnut Vein Cut Travertine, Brushed White Travertine, Brushed Yellow Soraya Travertine 1st, Brushed Yellow Soraya Travertine 2nd, Brushed Yellow Soraya Travertine 3rd, Brushed Yellow Soraya Travertine 4th, Brushed Yellow Soraya Travertine 5th, Cross Cut Beige Travertine, Cross Cut Classic Beige Travertine, Cross Cut Light Beige Travertine, Cross Cut Noce Travertine, Cross Cut Rosa Travertine, Cross Cut Rosso Travertine 1st, Cross Cut Rosso Travertine 2nd, Cross Cut Soltan Red Travertine, Cross Cut WallNut Travertine, Cross Cut White Travertine, Vein Cut Antique Yellow Travertine, Vein Cut Beige Travertine, Vein Cut Classic Beige Travertine, Vein Cut Classic Travertine, Vein Cut Light Beige Travertine 1st, Vein Cut Light Beige Travertine 2nd, Vein Cut Noce Travertine 1st, Vein Cut Noce Travertine 2nd, Vein Cut Rattle Skin Travertine 1st, Vein Cut Rattle Skin Travertine 2nd, Vein Cut Red Soraya Travertine, Vein Cut Rosso Travertine, Vein Cut Soltan Red Travertine, Vein Cut Walnut Travertine 1st, Vein Cut WallNut Travertine 2nd, Vein Cut White Travertine
II. Metamorphic stone originates from a natural change from one type of stone to another type through the mixture of heat, pressure, and minerals. The change may be a development of a crystalline formation, a texture change, or a color change.
» Marble: A recrystallized limestone that formed when the limestone softened from heat and pressure and recrystallized into marble where mineral changes occurred. The main consistency is calcium and dolomite. Ranges in many colors and is usually heavily veined and shows lots of grains. Hardness rates from 2.5 to 5 on the MOH Scale.
Marble is classified into three categories: (Stone World)
1. Dolomite: If it has more than 40% magnesium carbonate.
2. Magnesian: If it has between 5% and 40% magnesium carbonate.
3. Calcite: If it has less than 5% magnesium carbonate.
» Slate: A fine grained metamorphic stone that formed from clay, sedimentary rock shale, and sometimes quartz. Very thin and can break easily. Usually black, grey, or green.
» Serpentine: Identified by its marks which look like the skin of a serpent. Most popular colors are green and brown. Hardness rates from 2.5 to 4 on the MOH Scale. Contains serpentine minerals has lots of magnesium, and has an igneous origin. Does not always react well to recrystallization or diamond polishing.
III. Igneous stones are mainly formed through volcanic material such as magma. Underneath the Earths surface, liquid magma cooled and solidified. Mineral gases and liquids penetrated into the stone and created new crystalline formations with various colors.
» Granite: Primarily made of Quartz (35%), Feldspar (45%) and Potassium.
Usually has darker colors. Contains very little calcite, if any.
Provides a heavy crystalline and granular appearance with mineral grains. It is very hard material and easier to maintain than marble.
Yet, it is still porous and will stain. There are different types of granite depending on the percentage mix of quartz, mica and feldspar.
Black granite is known as an Anorthosite. It contains very little quartz and feldspar and has a different composition than true granite.
IV. Man Made Stones are derived of unnatural mixtures such resin or cement with the additive of stone chips.
» Terrazzo: Marble and granite chips embedded in a cement composition.
» Agglomerate or Conglomerate: Marble chips embedded in a colored resin composition.
» Cultured or Faux Marble: A mix of resins that are painted or mixed with a paint to look like marble.
Iran Stone Types:
filled, unfilled, brushed , polished, honed, cross cut, vein cut, resin travertine.
Iran Marble Types: Iran filled, unfilled, brushed, polished honed, cross cut, vein cut ,resin marble.
Iran Onyx Types: filled , unfilled , brushed, polished, honed, cross cut , vein cut, resin onyx.
Iran Limestone Types: filled , unfilled, brushed , polished , honed , cross cut, vein cut , resin limestone.
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