Iran Marble Travertine Onyx Limestone:
Marble is formed from limestone by heat and pressure in the earth's crust. These forces cause the limestone to change in texture and makeup. This process is called re crystallization. Fossilized materials in the limestone, along with its original carbonate minerals, recrystallise and form large, coarse grains of calcite. Impurities present in the limestone during re crystallization affect the mineral composition of the marble that forms. The minerals that result from impurities give marble wide variety of colours. The purest calcite marble is white.
Iran marble containing hematite has a reddish colour. Marble that has limonite is yellow, and marble with serpentine is green.
Travertine stone is soft and delicate to look at. It breathes spaciousness. It's relaxed and soothing. The feeling is peaceful, tranquil, serene.
Iran onyx stone Quarries and resources are rarely found all around the world but high quality and commercially acceptable Iran onyx is exclusive for our country Iran. travertine best quality, beige travertine, travertine tile, travertine slab.
The minerals in stone came from the same liquid and gas minerals that formed the earth. The Earth developed as a massive body of gas and liquid minerals that slowly cooled and condensed to a solid core.
Through pressure, the Earth's crust began to form and heavy minerals were forced down to the core of the Earth where they were trapped. As the crust got thicker, it squeezed around the inner core which created intense pressure and heat from within the Earth. Crystals and other solid forms began to grow from the mineral vapors that were being released. As the Earth's crust began to expand and erode, heat and pressure pushed the solid minerals up to the Earth's surface which formed colossal rock beds. It took up to one-hundred million years to form some of these beds. Many of the beds are now used as quarries where the stone is mined. Most of these minerals can be identified by their color, hardness, and crystal formation. Crystals come in a variety of shapes and sizes. The wide array of these minerals are often difficult to identify. Many stones look very similar to each other; however, they are all very different.
It is imperative to know the exact type of stone that is to be maintained. Stone is natural and may have adverse reactions to certain cleaning chemicals and procedures. Most stones are also natural alkalis and so are dirt and soil; therefore, stone and dirt are attracted to each other which often makes cleaning very difficult. This makes the proper selection of cleaning procedures and chemicals for stone very complex. Always consult with a Professional to establish a precise stone Maintenance system.
Iran Stone Types:
filled, unfilled, brushed , polished, honed, cross cut, vein cut, resin travertine.
Iran Marble Types: Iran filled, unfilled, brushed, polished honed, cross cut, vein cut ,resin marble.
Iran Onyx Types: filled , unfilled , brushed, polished, honed, cross cut , vein cut, resin onyx.
Iran Limestone Types: filled , unfilled, brushed , polished , honed , cross cut, vein cut , resin limestone.
Persian marble travertine Persian marble travertine Marble travertine tile flooring Travertine ceramic tile flooring Onyx decorative flooring Limestone decorative tile mosaic travertine Stone bathroom & pool Marble Tile Slabs Travertine slate Tile glass tile marble marble slab rock polished travertine onyx rock Iran marble travertine company
Iran stone (Marble, travertine, onyx, limestone) history:TYPES OF STONE: The familiar stone types that are used today are identified through four categories: sedimentary, metamorphic, igneous stone, and man-made. I. Sedimentary stone:
came from organic elements such as glaciers, rivers, wind, oceans, and plants. Tiny sedimentary pieces broke off from these elements and accumulated to form rock beds. They were bonded through millions of years of heat and pressure.
A recrystallized limestone that formed when the limestone
softened from heat and pressure and recrystallized into marble where mineral
changes occurred. The main consistency is calcium and dolomite. Ranges in
many colors and is usually heavily veined and shows lots of grains. Hardness
rates from 2.5 to 5 on the MOH Scale.
Marble is classified into three categories: (Stone World)
1. Dolomite: If it has more than 40% magnesium carbonate.
2. Magnesian: If it has between 5% and 40% magnesium carbonate.
3. Calcite: If it has less than 5% magnesium carbonate.
Usually a cream or reddish color. It is formed through the accumulation of calcite from hot springs. It contains lots of holes that were formed from water flowing through the stone. These holes are often filled with synthetic resins or cements. Requires lots of maintenance if the holes are not filled. Classified as a limestone and a marble.Limestone:
Mainly consists of calcite. It does not show much graining or crystalline structure. It has a smooth granular surface. Varies in hardness. Some dense limestone's can be polished. Common colors are black, gray, white, yellow or brown. It is more likely to stain than marble. Limestone is known to contain lime from sea water.
Sandstone: Is a very durable formation of quartz grains (sand). Usually formed in light brown or red colors. Categorized by the most popular sandstone bonding agents such as silica, calcium, clay, and iron oxide.
Soapstone: A very soft stone made of a variety of talc. It is a dense mineral that wears well and is often resistant to stains.
Fossilstone: Considered a limestone that contains natural fossils such as sea shells and plants. and ONYX.
II. Metamorphic stone originates from a natural change from one type of stone to another type through the mixture of heat, pressure, and minerals. The change may be a development of a crystalline formation, a texture change, or a color change.
Slate: A fine grained metamorphic stone that formed from clay, sedimentary rock shale, and sometimes quartz. Very thin and can break easily. Usually black, grey, or green.
Serpentine: Identified by its marks which look like the skin of a serpent. Most popular colors are green and brown. Hardness rates from 2.5 to 4 on the MOH Scale. Contains serpentine minerals has lots of magnesium, and has an igneous origin. Does not always react well to recrystallization or diamond polishing.
III. Igneous stones are mainly formed through volcanic material such as magma. Underneath the Earths surface, liquid magma cooled and solidified. Mineral gases and liquids penetrated into the stone and created new crystalline formations with various colors.
Cultured or Faux Marble: A mix of resins that are painted or mixed with a paint to look like marble.
TYPES OF SURFACE TEXTURES:There are many different types of stone available today. When stone is ordered, it is fabricated with a particular type of surface. There are six main types of surfaces that are selected:
Honed: Provides a flat to low sheen gloss. Different levels of gloss can be selected. This surface is very smooth, but often very porous. This texture is common in high traffic buildings. Honed floors should always be protected with a Penetrating Sealer because it has wide-open pores. Honed stone colors are not as vibrant as a polished stone.
Polished: A glossy surface that wears away with time due to heavy foot traffic and using improper maintenance procedures. This surface is very smooth and not very porous. The reflectivity of polished crystals brings out the brilliant colors and grains of natural stone. The shine comes from the natural reflection of the stone's crystals. The polish is provided by polishing bricks and polishing powders that are used during fabrication. The shine is not from a coating.
Flamed: A rough surface that is developed through intense heat. During fabrication, the stone is heated up and the crystals begin to pop, thus forming a rough surface. This surface is very porous and must be treated with Sealers. Tumbled: A slightly rough texture that is achieved by tumbling small pieces of marble, limestone, and sometimes granite to achieve an archaic/worn appearance. It often requires an application of Stone Color Enhancer to bring out the colors.
Sand Blasted: This surface is the result of a pressurized flow of sand and water that provides a textured surface with a matte gloss.
Sawn: A process performed by using a gang saw.
Bush Hammered: A pounding action that develops a textured surface.
The degree of roughness can be selected.
Regardless of the type of surface that is to be maintained, all stones should be protected with Penetrating Sealer.
A sealer is sufficient for honed and polished floors. Sealers should be used on flamed, sand blasted, sawn, and bush hammered surfaces.
As discussed previously, stone was formed from different types of natural
minerals. Marble's main consistency is calcium. Calcium carbonate is the
natural source that bonds the stone. Certain additive minerals blended in to
the calcium during formation to customize these brilliant colors. The
additive minerals are also color developers present in granite and other
Stone Color: Mineral:
Black Biotite, Hornblende, Carbon
Gray Variety of minerals
Green Mica, Chloride, Silicate
White Feldspar, Calcite, Dolomite.
Mineral: Mineral Color:
Augite Brown, Green, Black, Purple
Biotite Black, Brown, Green
Calcite Pearlenscent and Pale Colors
Dolomite Colorless, Pink, Pale Brown
Feldspar Yellow, White, Pink, Green, Grey
Hematite Metallic Grey or Black
Hornblende Green, Yellow, Brown, Black
Limonite Black, Brown, or Yellow
Sulphur Pale Gold
White iran limestone:
Beautiful pure white iran limestone with a honed finish, ideal for floor or wall coverings. Exceptional quality and superb value, you wont find better. An ancient stone that is very hard wearing, rich hues of white, and cream with slight ly pronounced veining, comes in an opus romano pattern with antique edges and a slightly brushed feel.Iran filled travertine:
iran travertine Medium Light Filled / Honed: The most popular of all the travertine, it is used throughout the world as a floor or wall covering due to its versatility and modern feel. Medium light and very consistant. Honed & filled, straight cut.Iran travertine stone:
Olde Salisbury limestone Pattern: Antique limestone with a tumbled finish and slightly softened edges, has hues of cream and gold and comes in an opus romano pattern. Spectacular stone travertine floor and wall tiles are ideal for use in kitchens and bathrooms or as a flooring internally or externally. travertine is a very versatile stone created by shifts in the earth's crust which allows steam, under enormous pressure to mix with dissolved iran limestone. Further shifts in the earths crust moves the travertine to the surface where it can be quarried.
Our iran travertine products come in a number of different finishes to suit your taste and environment. For those that prefer a smooth feel under foot and hand the iran travertine is honed and finished at our factories. This is a process of filling the holes before polishing the surface. If a traditional finish is your preference, the iran travertine can be tumbled leaving the natural undulation of the stone. Other options include hand chiselled edges and an opus romano pattern where the stone comes in mixed sizes.
Iran travertine Light Osso: The finest quality light travertine, a cream coloured tile with slightly darker cream marking. Honed and filled, straight cut. You wont find better. Cushioned Edge: Honed and unfilled medium iran travertine from the Aegean region with a cushioned edge, gives that classic flagstone look that complements any room. Chipped Edge Honed And Filled: Honed and filled medium travertine with a chipped edge.
A beautiful tile with lovely markings that enhance any room. Very practical and hard wearing. A beautiful hard wearing iran travertine that is ideal as a floor covering. This scabas iran travertine comes with lovely dark hues of gold and purples in an opus romano pattern brushed finished with a chiselled edge. Stonehouse iran marble Tiles: Since the beginning of modern civilization man has lavishly adorned buildings with polished iran marble, to this day it is still remains a testament to fine living everywhere.colors and kinds of Iran onyx:
onyx stone: green onyx white onyx orange onyx pink onyx cappocino onyx cross cut brown onyx plywood onyx plywood onyx - vein cut blue onyx blue onyx 2 coppocino onyx vein cut yellow onyx plywood onyx cross cut